The Blockchain Is Simple – Video

The concept of the blockchain

At the moment, all global transactions regarding ownership are registered and controlled by so called “trusted” third parties.

Money is registered by banks, real estate by the land register, specific contracts by notary public etc. If you want to change ownership, you need to contact the “trusted third party”, follow the right procedures (control and tracking) and the trusted third party will transfer ownership.

On the blockchain, the knowledge of ownership is shared with everybody. Everybody has his ‘personal’ register of who owns what. On a regular basis, all ‘personal’ registers are compared to correct errors and ensure agreement about the ‘truth’.

When there is a transaction, both the buyer and the seller broadcast the transaction and everybody has to update his ‘personal’ register, after checking if the transaction is broadcast according to the agreed procedures. The last step is for all ‘personal’ registers to be mutually compared again. When there is disagreement about the content, the most common register is accepted as being the ‘truth’.

The manipulation, errors or failure of an individual register have no impact, it can fail completely and will simply be ignored by the community and every node on the blockchain network – the corrupted register has to accept the ‘opinion’ of the majority, or will be expelled.

Blockchain 

  • is a permanent, ever-expanding, de-centralised, secure global online ledger of transactions.
  • is a software protocol (existing eg’s of protocols include HTML & SMTP) that verifies users & transactions using cryptography, without the need for a trusted 3rd party or broker.
  • is made up of linked ‘blocks’ that hold batches of valid transaction data
  • can register, confirm, authenticate and transfer ownership of any kind of tangible asset, or exchange of value, in a digital format.
  • establishes trust and creates agreements without the need for a central organisation or subjective measures of reputation

Bitcoin

  • The most common type of digital transaction utilising the blockchain protocol
  • A self-regulating virtual currency
  • Central bank of the internet
  • The bitcoin blockchain is public, open-source and permissionless
  • You can view bitcoin transactions happening in-real time

 

‘Plastic soup’: Invisible pollutants from everyday objects contaminating oceans, study says

A trip to the seaside can provide beautiful vistas and a relaxing escape, but the seemingly pristine waters of the world’s oceans are hiding invisible pollution from everyday products including clothing and tires, according to a new study.

The research, released by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) on Tuesday, examined the effect of primary microplastics on the world’s oceans.

Primary microplastics are plastics that enter bodies of water in the form of small particles, as opposed to larger plastic waste which is easily visible to the naked eye.

Read more

30 plastic bags, 1 dead whale: Shocking toll of vast ocean pollution laid bare

Sources of the invisible pollution include car tires, synthetic textiles, marine coatings, road markings, personal care products, plastic pellets and city dust, according to the study.

Although such pollution isn’t easily seen, the report states that between 15 and 31 percent of the estimated 9.5 million tons of plastic released into the oceans each year could be primary microplastics, making them a large contributor to the ‘plastic soup’ clogging oceans.

Almost two-thirds come from the washing of synthetic textiles and the abrasion of car tires while driving, according to the study.

The report noted that in developed countries which practice effective waste management, primary microplastics are a larger source of marine plastic pollution than plastic waste.

Tires were found to be the number one culprit of the pollution in the Americas, Europe and Central Asia, while synthetic textiles were the main source in Asia.

The situation is particularly worrisome in the Arctic, the biggest source of seafood for Europe and North America.

“It seems the microplastic is freezing into the sea ice, and since you actually lower the melting point of ice when you have small particles in it, you have a quicker disappearance of sea ice,” Karl Gustaf Lundin, who heads IUCN’s Global Marine and Polar Program, told AFP.

He pointed out that when the ice melts, it releases plankton that attracts fish, allowing the plastic particles to “go straight into our food chain.”

Read more

10,000 metric tons of plastic debris enter Great Lakes every year – study

Lundin said that although few studies have been done on the impact of tiny plastic particles on human health, “we have to assume that there probably will be considerable impact” because they are small enough to move through human membranes.

IUCN director General Inger Andersen called the report a “real eye-opener, showing that plastic waste is not all there is to ocean plastics.”

She went on to note that daily activities “significantly contribute to the pollution choking our oceans,” stating that they have “potentially disastrous effects on the rich diversity of life within them, and on human health.”

Anderson said the report shows that humans must look beyond waste management in order to fully address ocean pollution, and called on private sector leadership to undertake the necessary research and development.

Marine project manager for IUCN’s Global Marine Program Joao de Sousa said the findings have “important implications for the global strategy to tackle ocean plastic pollution, which currently focuses on reducing plastic waste.”

He went on to state that solutions must include product and infrastructure design, along with consumer behavior.

“Synthetic clothes could be designed to shed fewer fibers, for example, and consumers can act by choosing natural fabrics over synthetic ones,” de Sousa said.

Lundin also stated that tire makers could revert to using mainly rubber, while textile manufacturers could stop using plastic coatings on clothes. He also suggested that washing machine makers could install filters to catch micro and nano plastic particles.

 

Waste Management Global Industry Almanac_2016

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We Are GreenFire DAO And The Gladiator Token

We are GreenFire DAO, an industrial blockchain application for Landfill Mining & Reclamation and its cryptocurrency, the “Gladiator” (GLD), a gold and asset backed global trade token.

Our solution is the creation of a decentralized autonomous organization, the GreenFire DAO to manage this project.

To fund the GreenFire DAO creation, a crypto token, the “Gladiator” (GLD), is issued and may then freely traded, with its value reflecting the productivity of the GreenFire DAO and the constantly increasing gold and cash backing.

The “Gladiator” Token is available HERE , The Gladiator (GLD) is backed 2:1 with assets on deposit.

If you are interested in participating in the reclamtion of global open dumps and help stop the 20% stream of additional global pollution coming form them, then, please buy a Gladiator Token.

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Press Release: Delmanor Retirement Communities Pilot New Textile Recycling Initiative

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25 arrests over 100000 tons of illegally dumped Zhejiang garbage

A total of 25 people have been arrested over two separate cases of large-scale fly-tipping, in which more than 100,000 tons of garbage were dumped …